Shooting skills and late experience of landscape photography

I have loved hiking since I was in middle school. At that time, I was satisfied to shoot beautiful scenery with my mobile phone. Since I met my girlfriend, I deeply felt the limitations of mobile phones; The scenery she took with her camera was also much more beautiful. After being poisoned by her, I also stepped into the road of camera. Within a year, I slowly began to explore the mystery of photography from scratch. Because we also love hiking, we will naturally focus on landscape photography.

I have made countless mistakes along the way, but I am not lazy to ask myself. I often go out and learn a lot of online resources. Thank the authors for their selfless efforts. In fact, in the first half of the year, I was just laying a good foundation and constantly mastering the relationship between shutter, aperture and ISO. Later, I slowly learned a little tricks. In the early stage, most of us will only shoot the sun scene, and in the later stage, we will start shooting the sunset with night scene and sunrise.

First of all, I like the style of landscape photography. I love the bright, clear and rich picture composition. Idols include Elia Localdi, Max River, Ted Gore, Victor Liu, Dave Morrow and other internationally renowned photographers; If you are interested, you can enjoy their works. Many times, their photos are art works. In addition, their works will not be limited to a certain subject of landscape photography, which is also my learning goal. The style of each person’s photos is also different, which is due to the shooting skills and post-production technology. After you shoot for a period of time, you will naturally find your own unique shooting process.

For me, the most basic landscape photography is to restore the beauty seen by the naked eye. Many people say why the naked eye is more beautiful than the camera. Of course, the dynamic range of the naked eye is much higher than that of the camera. That is why we need post-system. The most basic goal is to restore the photos as much as possible to the naked eye.

The pre – and post-production of landscape photography is equally important. Relationships are like; In the early stage, it is to buy?, The latter is cooking. It is important to buy good ingredients, but your cooking skills are also important.

In fact, many people always take pictures when there is a scene, and then go home to find the best one; This method sometimes really brings surprises. What is more advanced is to first imagine the desired composition in your mind, then try to capture the desired picture, and then use post-production to take the picture to a higher level. If you haven’t been to a place, the first thing you do when you go is to feel and observe the environment and find out the desired composition; Instead of rushing to shoot.

The weather has a great impact on landscape photography. Even if it is not sunny, you can take good pictures; But the importance of weather is beyond doubt, otherwise most people will not love Magic Hour. Magic Hour can add a lot of points to photos and also increase the uniqueness of photos. In Hong Kong, many times we can take pictures of Magic Hour with night scenes, which are not the same in the world.

More advanced is to use color theory to master the ability of photo color. The atmosphere of a photo can be created through color transition and contrast transition.

A. Early stage (setting, composition, and equipment)

1. Settings

Many people have asked me, what is the setting of a picture? (i.e. shutter, aperture, ISO) In fact, this question is of little significance. The settings for shooting depend on the scene environment. Even if you and I use the same settings, the things you shoot will not be the same in the same environment, different weather and time. Not to mention that everyone’s camera and lens are not necessarily the same; Even if it is the same, the difference in post-processing technology will affect the final imaging.

So you should ask the right question. In fact, we only need to know some basic principles, and then we will go out to shoot and do experiments. The master’s picture is not just one shot. If you take more pictures, you will naturally master the skills.

In setting, I prefer M-Mode/A-Mode. When shooting scenery, the aperture is generally f/8-f/11, which is the most Sharp aperture range value of a general lens. When you want to sharp all the pictures of a landscape, you can use deep depth of field; That is to narrow the aperture. The reason is easy to understand, just as when you want to take a portrait, you will use a large aperture to highlight the main body, but when you go to landscape photography, you need to narrow the aperture to make all the pictures clear.

ISO (sensitivity) I prefer to use 100 for the best quality. When the aperture and sensitivity are also fixed, the only remaining variable is the shutter. However, in this case, the shutter must be too slow, and there is a great chance that handheld photography will make the picture dim. This is why professional landscape photographers must bring a tripod, so they don’t have to worry about the shutter speed when they have a tripod.

But everything is not absolute. These are just basic principles. Some special situations require different settings. For example, when shooting the Milky Way, we will use a super aperture such as f/2.8, and when we want to shoot the light with star effect, we will use a super aperture such as f/22. But one thing to say is that if you use f/22 aperture, the picture will have a black edge (Vignette); If your photosensitive element has dust, the photo will reveal the dust completely at f/22. The larger the aperture, the less dust can be seen, but there will also be black edges. But these problems can be solved after the system.

2. Composition

This is a very important subject. In the world of Instagram, many people are “Sky Lovers”. That is, a large proportion of the picture is the sky, and then there is a person at the bottom. If you are such a simple photographer, I have no intention of offending you. But to get to the beginning of landscape photography, composition is very important. And the prospect is the core element, which is what many people ignore. But the extremes of things will reverse. People who pay too much attention to the future are also possessed by the devil. There is no formula for this subject. Appreciate others’ masterpieces more, and then enjoy it slowly.

Speaking of composition, many people prefer to shoot the whole scene with a wide-angle mirror, which is the simplest method. But in addition, proper use of medium and long focus photography can also bring different surprises. Long-focus shooting often compresses the picture.

3. Gear

a) A stable tripod, as mentioned above; It is necessary

b) Shutter line, or shooting with built-in delay; To avoid vibration when pressing the shutter, you can also shoot Timelapse

c) GND Filter/ND Filter, used in the environment with large light difference between sky and ground/when shooting water

d) Black card, a practical tool invented by Taiwanese

e) Lens with different focal lengths

B. Post-processing

If you are straight out, I’ll bet you don’t know how to hold on. As I mentioned, I want the image to be restored to the naked eye; In fact, it is difficult for mobile phones or cameras to make a straight card (black card is counted separately), so it needs to be made later.

The most basic is to use the Camera Raw Filter in Lightroom and Photoshop to perform phase. For example, raise the Shadow and reduce the highlight to make the front and rear scene exposure normal. Then we need Lens correction to correct lens distortion. Then you can correct the color, contrast, and so on.

The most common mistake beginners make is that they have too much taste, that is, too high saturation.

更进阶的技巧有Dodge & Burn、Focus stacking、Exposure blending等。

It is certain to use Raw. The information in Jpeg is much less than Raw, and the post-system space is many times less. You will regret if you insist on using Jpeg in the future.

Due to the space limitation, many terms can only be used lightly. You know, if you want to talk about everything about landscape photography in detail, it will take a book to finish. Therefore, this article only provides a framework. As a person of the 21st century, I believe that readers will know more about the interesting parts of Google.

Regardless of the pre-production or post-production, everything is also linked, which is also the mystery of photography.